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Orthodontist Indianapolis: All About Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry dealing with the treatment of teeth irregularities, especially occlusion and alignment, and jaws that are improperly positioned. Improper teeth and jaw alignment or occlusion are harder to clean that may result to tooth decay and gum disease. Because of improperly aligned teeth and jaw, the extra effort add stress on chewing muscles leading to headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. Orthodontic treatments promotes a healthier mouth, stronger teeth and improved appearance. Orthodontists specialize in orthodontics who helps patients correct occlusions, bites and alignment of teeth. An orthodontist has additional two or more years of education in an approved training program apart from the four year general dentistry course.

It is only a dentist or orthodontist who can perform diagnostic procedures to determine if you ‘ll benefit from an orthodontic treatment. Diagnostic evaluation includes clinical exam, medical history, dental health history, x-rays, photographs and plaster models of your teeth. The following conditions require orthodontic treatment: overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing and crowding. When the upper front teeth lies to far forward, sticking out over the lower teeth, then it is called “buck teeth” or overbite. If the upper teeth is too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward, it is called underbite or “bulldog”. Crossbite is the term that applies if upper teeth don’t come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting. The presence of space between the biting surfaces of the side and front teeth when the back teeth bite together is termed as an open bite. Misplaced midline refers to the improper alignment of the center of the upper front teeth to the center of lower teeth. Spacing or gaps are caused by missing teeth. Crowding refers to many teeth that accumulates in the dental ridge.

There are many types of appliances, categorized into two which are fixed and removable, helping in moving the teeth, retaining muscles and affecting the growth of the jaws. Removable appliances include aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and neck bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers and headgear, while fixed appliances include braces, special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers. Braces are the most common fixed appliances, consisting of bands, wires and brackets. Brackets are typically bonded to the front tooth, and the bands are fixed around the teeth or tooth and used as anchors for the appliance.
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So if you are looking for an orthodontist, we are willing to help you out. Our Indianapolis clients are serviced by our expert and trusted orthodontists. You may check our website for more details.Overwhelmed by the Complexity of Dentists? This May Help